Florence Smart City, Italy

Smart City revolution is coming to Italy, too. Some early projects were already done in the past, for example European Smart Cities project compared Ancona (51th), Perugia (52th), Trento (45th) and Trieste (49th) with other early smart EU cities, more recently the Rete città intelligenti was promoted by ForumPA with IBM, including smaller towns effort like Monteveglio with Transition Town or those involved in the ZeroCO2 Communities project.

But it was the FP7 European Initiative on Smart Cities that has ignited many local Public administrations, such as Florence, Genova, Torino, Bari, Firenze, Milano, Parma, Palermo to launch new initiatives in order to take advantage of the opportunity of funding (10 000 – 12 000 M€ for a total of 40 000 M€ ). Obviously competition is hard since EU will co-finance only 25 large cities (>500 000 inhabitants) and 5 very large cities (>1 000 000 inhabitants) committing to implement the proposed demonstration, testing and deployment programmes in the 3 sectors – buildings, energy networks and transport and to go beyond the 2020 EU climate and energy targets.

In 2013, Florence was awarded the title of “Smart City” of Italy. In an effort to be more transparent with its citizens, Florence shares the title of Smart City, given by the Milan-based communications technology fair, SMAU. The award, shared with Rome and Aquila, is given to cities that are making an effort to develop and implement forward-thinking ideas for residents and citizens of the region.

Rome has put into effect a smart-card (the Carta Roma) which offers discounts and financial services to its residents, while Florence has long been a forerunner in the data transparency movement, with the city’s Open Data website, which is Italy’s third largest producer of data. The City of Florence has long worked to ‘open’ its data up to the public. It aims to be completely transparent and have all data verified online so it is clearly presented to the public. It is a ‘revolution’ that aims to change the rules of public administration in Italy. Along with its Open Data implementation, Florence also employs an Open Budget web program which presents a detailed breakdown of city spending.  It is the only city in Italy to get a five star rating for quality and accessibility of information.

Florence, Italy (意大利佛罗伦萨) Smart City developments:

  • Smart Lighting: use of advanced technologies related to lighting (lighting with LED sources) for energy savings and reduced environmental impact; 智能照明:使用与照明相关的先进技术(采用发光二极管来源照明),从而可节能并降低对环境的不利影响。
  • ELECTRA: promoting a new urban sustainable mobility model. Increase the electric scooters use in urban areas, through short sharing (e.g. for one day) or rent (e.g. for six months); 推广新型城市可持续移动模式。通过短期分享(例如:一天)或出租(例如:六个月)的方式,从而增加在城市区域内电动脚踏车的使用。
  • Open Data: Florence has launched a section of its website dedicated to recently released mobile apps; 开放资料:佛罗伦萨已经正式推出了网站的一部分,专门用于最近发布的移动应用。Florence Heritage: information about elements of the city that contribute to its UNESCO Heritage status, including historic shops and Palazzi, itineraries and in depth information;佛罗伦萨遗产:关于该城市的一部分贡献于联合国教科文组织遗产的状态信息,包括历史悠久的商店、宫殿、旅行线路以及全面的信息。FirenzeUp: connects to the city’s events database. FirenzeUp:与城市的事件数据库相连接. Firenze the Walking City: suggests historic and panoramic walking itineraries, including a guide to open Wi-Fi hotspots, 步行城市佛罗伦萨:建议的步行线路,以方便参观历史景点和全景,包括打开无线上网热点的指引
  • GEO is a service of geo-referencing information resources in the field of mobility. Provides access to a family of related services to the mobility and provides real-time traffic situation of Florence. Possible to see construction work, accidents, speed cameras, detours, etc. GEO是移动领域的地理参考信息资源服务。提供一系列移动性相关服务的使用,也提供佛罗伦萨实时交通状况的信息。有可能看到施工工程、事故、超速摄像头以及便道等。

Amsterdam Smart City, Netherlands

Amsterdam Smart City is an ongoing effort lead by Liander, regional grid operator and Amsterdam Innovation Motor (AIM); within a two-year period, fifteen projects will be implemented in the sustainable focus areas: Working, Living, Mobility and Public Space. Many companies such as IBM, Accenture and CISCO are involved in this project or other related ones. For example Cisco will develop the network to connect household appliances to an energy management system; IBM will create the network inside the home, including connecting the home network to the web; Accenture will manage the integration of smart grid technology such as smart meters, oversee the analysis and use of data gleaned from the smart grid buildout, and support other carbon-reducing projects, and Dutch utility Nuon will develop the applications for the energy management system.

Amsterdam Smart City is also partly financed by the European Fund for regional development of the European Commission. For Example Amsterdam has more than 500 km of cycle tracks and lanes, plus 900 km of bicycle friendly roads (60% of the total amount) with speed ramps and a maximum speed of 30 km/h. Amsterdam as a whole city has 740 car sharing spots (200 in the center). 90% of all housing in Amsterdam is within 400 m of a car sharing spot and in the center 80% has a car sharing spot within less than 100 m. The ultimate goal of Amsterdam Smart City is to reduce CO2 emissions by 40 percent by 2025, a feat that would place it ahead of many other cities in the Netherlands and Europe and, perhaps, attract an increasingly sustainability-minded population.

Several best practices are documented: deploying smart grids, testing smart meters and “smart” energy applications with customers on site is a main area of activity for cities. For instance:

  • Amsterdam plans to invest 200 million Euro in a smart grid, particularly investing in the network mid-level. Distributed energy generation is only possible with intense management, regulation of demand and supply through ICT because renewable sources have an higher variability (think of spikes due to clouds in concentrated photovoltaic, quick variable wind speed, plug-in hybrid and electric car connected to recharge stations, smart appliances in home automation or the security risk in case of attempts to hacker the power grid).
  • The Utrechtsestraat in the Amsterdam city centre will be transformed into a Climate street, the most sustainable shopping street in Europe in cooperation with the local entrepreneurs and several enterprises. Multiple stakeholders are learning which technologies, concepts, approach and forms of cooperation are most successful to make the public space, more sustainable on a large scale. The  following Sustainable Working initiatives are planned: Smart meters & grid, Energy feedback display,  Energy scan trough the Energy desk of the Climate agency of Amsterdam, Smart plugs.  Climate Street wants to test what can be possible with the integration of: energy management systems, solar panels, water management and rubbish disposal, guided by smart grid technology, which prompts items to run on time and with the greatest efficiency. Recently the 39 energy scans in the entrepreneur’s area has yielded measures that make cost reductions of almost € 60,000 per year and environmental savings of 172,922 kg CO2 per year possible. In the last few months the first 19 entrepreneurs received a Plugwise set that was installed in their shop/restaurant, giving them insight into their energy use. The Quby of Home Automation Europe, that is used in the Climate street, recently won the “Smart Grids Innovation Award 2011”.

Amsterdam is also member of the Connected Urban Development (CUD) cities with San Francisco, Amsterdam, Seoul, Birmingham, Hamburg, Lisbon, and Madrid. It’s a leading initiative with CISCO that aims to demonstrate how to leverage ICT, above all high connectivity and collaboration, in order to reduce carbon emissions, delivering innovative, sustainable models for urban planning and economic development.

More: Amsterdam Smart City


Stockholm Grow Smarter, Sweden

Stockholm has strong green credentials, ranking number two in Europe on the Siemens index and also aspiring to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. When the Brookings Institute conducted research on the 200 largest metropolitan economies around the globe, Stockholm was one of four cities from North America and Europe to make the top 40 strongest economies.

The City of Stockholm has been appointed to lead the European prestige project “Grow Smarter”. It is about how cities using smart technology solutions, can create more jobs and grow, while becoming more energy efficient, easily accessible andattractive to residents. The European Commission provides € 25 million.

The goal of the project is to reduce energy consumption and emissions from transport by 60 percent in the selected areas while creating growth and new jobs. One of Stockholm’s major challenges is how the city will reach the climate targets in the transport sector. Another is the city’s buildings from the 60s and 70s who are in dire need of renovation and energy efficiency. It is estimated that 200 million Europeans live in similar homes with extensive renovation needs. These are challenges that Stockholm parts with many cities around Europe.

Grow Smarter involves eight European cities and a number of technology companies. Stockholm, Barcelona and Cologne is the project’s so-called lighthousecities which means that they will have demonstration areas. The project also has 5 follower cities that will learn from the lighthouse cities.

A total of 12 smart solutions to be tested and then evaluated. Growth is an important goal in Europe and growth should be sustainable, it mustbe created by smart environmental technology solutions. We anticipate that this project will bring 1,500 new jobs in the pilot areas and in close cooperation withenvironmental technology companies.

Stockholm has long focuses on sustainable development. In its train station, for example, a recovery system heat from travelers to heat nearby offices was deployed in 2011 The idea of two engineers from a local real estate company. But the Swedish capital experimenting especially environmentally smart city in his new area of ​​236 hectares of Royal seaport. The Swedish telecom equipment maker Ericsson are working on the smart grid and energy consumption of households. Its first pilot project has just ended. It allowed to experience with ABB solution switches to real time in a substation to another in case of failure, via the public network 4G. In a second pilot project, the equipment incorporates “machine to machine” solutions to manage the power consumption of households (consumption peaks, price …) with a dedicated housing.

The Stockholm royal seaport also provides a hub pneumatic waste collection sorted designed by a Swedish another Envac. The people throw their waste in suitable container. The tanks connected to air supply with the same container are emptied at the same time. Waste is pumped into the same circuit. Envac analyzes data on the amount of waste sorted, and habits of the people in this area.

Participants: ABB, Ericsson, Envac