China will invest more than 100billion RMB in the next 10 years into the production of electric-vehicles. China will therefore become the world’s biggest market in this area. China will sell 1 million electric vehicles per year until 2015. It aims to have more five million BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle) and PHEV (Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) driving on the streets by 2020. The main target cities are Shanghai, Chongqing, Peking, Changchun, Wuhan, Guangdong Province and Anhui Province. According to the new regulation, the central and local governments will collectively pay a subsidy for promoting electric cars. In addition, the six fields of Connected Car will provide mobility management, vehicle management elements, “well-being” functions, external hazard warnings, drive assistant connections and entertainement.
The City Mobility Challenge:
The issue of mobility is crucial in urban planning. An eco-district includes an intelligent and efficient mobility system to limit the environmental impact. This requirement imposes concerted strategies to change habits for the long term. Mobility handles the transportation solutions (collective and individual), the infrastructure (collective transportation stations, individual transportion decreased), and all other travel solutions available to commuter like combining transportation methods, car sharing and bike sharing.
- Developing convergence between urban development and transportation infrastructure: Public transport stations is a prerequisite for the development of an eco-district. It is a central issue. The quality of the offer is crucial: accessibility, performance (frequency, comfort and reliability), attractive pricing and capacity. The objective is that the transportation service is accessible in less than 10min walk (500 m) from any point of the new district. During the district planning, the public transportation networks are optimized. The zone, the frequency and time schedule of the service are defined in consultation between commuters and local communities.
- Creating a mobility service center in the district: In an eco-district, the energy and climate footprint of vehicles in the city leads primarily to limit its use. This objective mobilizes a variety of ways: limiting the number of parking spaces for individual fuel powered vehicles, minimizing traffic in the neighborhood and promote vehicles with low CO2 emissions. Innovative solutions for vehicle usage are a future path for eco-districts: carpooling, car sharing, exchange networks and pooling. A mobility service center can be created in the district to handle new forms of mobility: car parking pooling, car sharing, free bicycle service, urban logistics management for good deliveries.
- Promoting mobility alternatives in the construction process: The building design takes into account the new types of mobility:
– Development of many bicycle parking spaces easily accessible and secured
– Limiting parking spaces for fuel powered vehicles
– Establishing reserved parking space for car pooling and car sharing
- Generalizing electric vehicles charging infrastructure: In order to facilitate the use of alternative transportation methods like electric vehicles, charging stations must be installed in private and public parking zones.
- Developing a local information network: Receiving in real-time information on the different modes of transportation in the eco-district is a leverage to promote eco-mobility. Applications available to commuters are a tool for optimizing travel time and energy. These TV-services or mobile phones accesses give information on:
-The urban services access locations
-The transit schedules and delays in public transportation
-The number of bicycles or electric vehicles available at the nearest station
-The calculation of the minimum travel time by combining the use of various types of transportation
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